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Modern NatureThe Rise of the Biological Perspective in Germany$
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Lynn K. Nyhart

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226610894

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226610924.001.0001

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The World in Miniature: Practical Natural History and the Zoo Movement

The World in Miniature: Practical Natural History and the Zoo Movement

(p.79) Chapter Three The World in Miniature: Practical Natural History and the Zoo Movement
Modern Nature
University of Chicago Press

This chapter explores the zoo movement and introduces connections between practical natural history and nature protection. Philipp Leopold Martin is a central figure in this chapter, for his life and work epitomize the connections among populist natural history, the care and study of living animals, and the biological perspective. It explains Martin's views on living animals, including his vision of the ideal zoo and his concerns for nature protection, and situates these views within the larger network of those who exhibited and worked with living animals at the time. Martin's expansion of zoo symbolism to a more generalized representation of geographic realms and their union of flora, fauna, and human culture captured an appealing idea but did not set a trend among zoo builders. Doing practical natural history and writing about it were ways of simultaneously spreading the gospel of popular natural history and cobbling together a living.

Keywords:   zoo movement, practical natural history, nature protection, Philipp Leopold Martin, living animals, zoo symbolism, flora, fauna, human culture

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