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Modern NatureThe Rise of the Biological Perspective in Germany$
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Lynn K. Nyhart

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226610894

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226610924.001.0001

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Modern Nature

Modern Nature

(p.355) Chapter Ten Modern Nature
Modern Nature
University of Chicago Press

This chapter suggests what German story has to contribute to the broader histories of biology and of science more generally. The emergence of the biological perspective was a significant development in the history of modern biology. Karl Möbius' articulation of the living-community concept was crucial to the development of the biological perspective; Friedrich Junge's transformation of that community concept into a curricular program was integral to its spread across German society. Biological groups were an international phenomenon on the museum scene. Philipp Leopold Martin's passion for saving nature in Germany was matched by that of the leading American taxidermist William F. Hornaday. Career structures contributed to variations in the elements of natural history that in Germany made up the biological perspective. The biological perspective, with its commitments to understanding living nature in terms of functionalism, community, and place, dictated no single, unified definition of nature.

Keywords:   nature, biology, Karl Möbius, Friedrich Junge, Philipp Leopold Martin, Germany, William F. Hornaday

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