Places and the people one interacts within them present opportunities to connect to employment, social services, friends and community groups. Yet although social networks embedded within neighborhoods may exert social control, they may also facilitate a return to drugs and crime. Neighborhoods also affect one’s chances for victimization, and determine proximity to jobs and social services. This chapter explains how participants navigate the dangers and opportunities presented by the high poverty neighborhoods where the formerly incarcerated typically live. Avoidance of ties and interactions with neighbors is a typical response, but one that limits access to neighborhood social capital. High poverty neighborhoods in central cities also create a spatial mismatch between residential locations and job opportunities. Findings elucidate the mechanisms by which neighborhoods affect reintegration outcomes and how the formerly incarcerated come to live in high poverty neighborhoods, or what is termed neighborhood attainment.
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