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On the OutsidePrisoner Reentry and Reintegration$
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David J. Harding, Jeffrey D. Morenoff, and Jessica J. B. Wyse

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226607504

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226607788.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Navigating Neighborhoods

Navigating Neighborhoods

Chapter:
(p.139) Chapter Five Navigating Neighborhoods
Source:
On the Outside
Author(s):

David J. Harding

Jeffrey D. Morenoff

Jessica J. B. Wyse

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226607788.003.0006

Places and the people one interacts within them present opportunities to connect to employment, social services, friends and community groups. Yet although social networks embedded within neighborhoods may exert social control, they may also facilitate a return to drugs and crime. Neighborhoods also affect one’s chances for victimization, and determine proximity to jobs and social services. This chapter explains how participants navigate the dangers and opportunities presented by the high poverty neighborhoods where the formerly incarcerated typically live. Avoidance of ties and interactions with neighbors is a typical response, but one that limits access to neighborhood social capital. High poverty neighborhoods in central cities also create a spatial mismatch between residential locations and job opportunities. Findings elucidate the mechanisms by which neighborhoods affect reintegration outcomes and how the formerly incarcerated come to live in high poverty neighborhoods, or what is termed neighborhood attainment.

Keywords:   neighborhood, community, neighborhood effects, victimization, spatial mismatch, social capital, neighborhood attainment, criminal opportunity

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