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On the OutsidePrisoner Reentry and Reintegration$
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David J. Harding, Jeffrey D. Morenoff, and Jessica J. B. Wyse

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226607504

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226607788.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Families and Reintegration

Families and Reintegration

Chapter:
(p.107) Chapter Four Families and Reintegration
Source:
On the Outside
Author(s):

David J. Harding

Jeffrey D. Morenoff

Jessica J. B. Wyse

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226607788.003.0005

This chapter examines the role of family relationships in prisoner reintegration. Romantic partners, children, siblings, parents, and other family members are important sources of material support, informal social control, and emotional support. They provide food, clothing, housing, and transportation. They monitor behavior, provide routines that encourage prosocial behavior, and motivate efforts to stay sober and find employment. They provide emotional support when stressful events arise and emotional support that can help participants weather daily frustrations. However, these same relationships often also ease the path back toward substance abuse or crime. They create role strain and motivation for crime when formerly incarcerated people struggle to fulfill family role obligations, particularly the obligation to play the provider role. They provide opportunities to use drugs or re-engage in criminal behavior. They serve as sources of conflict and emotional stress that can lead to a return to the poor coping strategies of the past, particularly substance abuse. Relationships with family members are critical social contexts that affect the process of reintegration after release from prison.

Keywords:   family, social control, role strain, stress, emotional support, routine activities

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