This chapter introduces the concept of reintegration, situates prisoner reentry and reintegration in the current era of mass incarceration, develops the conceptual framework of the book, describe the research methodology, and provides an overview of chapters. The conceptual framework, drawn in part from the literature on immigrant incorporation, emphasizes the social, economic, and institutional contexts of reentry, the social, economic, and cultural resources of formerly incarcerated individuals, and the fit between context and resources. Key contexts include the nature of the low-skill labor market, neighborhood conditions, families and households, parole and the criminal justice system more generally, the stigma of a felony record, and the neoliberal state. In the current era of mass incarceration, there is a profound mismatch between resources and contexts that hinders reintegration.
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