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How Knowledge MovesWriting the Transnational History of Science and Technology$
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John Krige

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226605852

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226606040.001.0001

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Transnational Knowledge, American Hegemony

Transnational Knowledge, American Hegemony

Social Scientists in US-Occupied Japan

(p.149) Chapter Five Transnational Knowledge, American Hegemony
How Knowledge Moves

Miriam Kingsberg Kadia

University of Chicago Press

Many scholars have examined American support for natural sciences and engineering throughout the postwar world, resulting in a transnational network of knowledge production centered on the United States. Less well studied but no less important is social science, which promoted the values later espoused by modernization theory: democracy, capitalism, and peace. As the site of America’s longest postwar occupation, Japan poses a fruitful case for examining the geopolitical significance of social science as an ideological vehicle. Against the backdrop of a rift with the Soviet Union, the US primarily sought to refashion Japan into a bulwark against communism in Asia. Through texts, lectures, and especially collaborative fieldwork, American social scientists in Japan cultivated common values with Japanese colleagues, enabling the imagination of a joint future within the First World.

Keywords:   social science, modernization theory, US Occupation of Japan

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