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The Corporate Contract in Changing TimesIs the Law Keeping Up?$
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Steven Davidoff Solomon and Randall Stuart Thomas

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226599403

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226599540.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 23 January 2020

Corporate Governance beyond Economics

Corporate Governance beyond Economics

Chapter:
(p.183) Chapter Eight Corporate Governance beyond Economics
Source:
The Corporate Contract in Changing Times
Author(s):

Elizabeth Pollman

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226599540.003.0008

In recent years, changes to state and federal law have increased pressure on corporate law to serve as an ordering mechanism for interests and values beyond economics. On the federal front, two U.S. Supreme Court cases have put existing corporate law in a new quasi-constitutional light. In the landmark decisions of Citizens United v. FEC and Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., the Supreme Court has pointed to state corporate law as the mechanism for ordering political and religious activity. In addition, Congress, the SEC, and federal courts have been embroiled in battles about the scope and appropriateness of regulating corporate speech and disclosures on topics such as conflict minerals and political expenditures that are driven principally by humanitarian and democratic concerns rather than economic goals. On the state law front, a movement of social entrepreneurs has catalyzed a majority of states to adopt legislation for a new form of business entity — the benefit corporation. The public push for this form of corporate entity harkens back to early American law, permitting businesses to be chartered to pursue a dual mission of profits and a social, religious, or environmental goal. This chapter examines these developments and their implications.

Keywords:   corporations, business organizations, benefit corporations, social enterprise, corporate rights, corporate political spending, commercial speech, freedom of association, Hobby Lobby, Citizen United

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