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Greening the AllianceThe Diplomacy of NATO's Science and Environmental Initiatives$
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Simone Turchetti

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226595658

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226595825.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

Setting the Atmosphere

Setting the Atmosphere

Chapter:
(p.15) One Setting the Atmosphere
Source:
Greening the Alliance
Author(s):

Simone Turchetti

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226595825.003.0002

Eight years after its foundation, the Atlantic alliance agreed to set up a Science Committee with the ambition of sponsoring a science program. This chapter first explores defence research projects pre-dating the launch of the new committee in the context of its Cold War strategic requirements. It then focuses on the motives behind the setting up of the new committee. The launch of the first Soviet satellite, Sputnik, and the political divisions between the allies convinced NATO's administrators about the merits of a collaborative program for both boosting defense and facilitating the alliance's integration. Instigating a debate on these themes was especially a report by the foreign ministers of Italy, Norway and Canada (the "Three Wise Men") canvassing support for NATO sponsorship.

Keywords:   containment, IGY, science diplomacy, Cold War, Atlantic Alliance, Sputnik, atmospheric research, ionosphere, Three Wise Men

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