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Engineering the Eternal CityInfrastructure, Topography, and the Culture of Knowledge in Late Sixteenth-Century Rome$
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Pamela O. Long

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226543796

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226591315.001.0001

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Rome Portrait of the Late SixteenthCentury City

(p.1) Introduction
Engineering the Eternal City

Pamela O. Long

University of Chicago Press

This introduction provides a portrait of late sixteenth-century Rome. It gives background including the 1527 Sack of Rome. It discusses the Council of Trent, concluded in 1563. It introduces the main themes of the book including the idea of trading zones--that Roman infrastructure projects as well as investigation of antiquities and cartographical activities were characterized by arenas of substantive communication between men from learned and those from practical or skilled backgrounds. The chapter introduces four popes important to the book--Pius IV, Pius V, Gregory XIII, and Sixtus V. It discusses in detail the papal government of the city (or Camera Apostolica) and the city government of the Capitoline Council. It also describes the population of Rome from elite cardinals to the civic nobility, to skilled workers and to laborers and vagabonds. It treats some of the historiography of Roman governance, including the Prodi thesis.

Keywords:   Pope Pius IV, Pope Pius IV, Pope Gregory XIII, Pope Sixtus V, Camera Apostolica, Capitoline Council, trading zones, artisans, Prodi thesis, papacy

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