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Andrew Piper

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226568614

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226568898.001.0001

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Punctuation (Opposition)

Punctuation (Opposition)

(p.22) One Punctuation (Opposition)

Andrew Piper

University of Chicago Press

This chapter is a history of what Bataille might call the general economy of punctuation: its distributions, luxuriant overaccumulation, and rhythmic rise and fall (Amiri Baraka’s “delay of language”). Economy of punc­tuation shows how spacing/pacing create meaning on the page, also how tactics of interruption, delay, rhythm, periodicity, and stoppage are all essential means of communicating within literature’s long history. Economy of punctuation reveals the social norms surrounding how we feel about the discontinuities of what we want to say. Viewing the relationship between punc­tuation’s excess and its manifestation in twentieth-­century poetry through a collection of 75,000 English poems by 452 poets who were active during the twentieth century, the chapter explores methods that move from the elementary function ("grep") to more sophisticated uses of word embeddings; it also explores poems that deploy periods well in excess of the norms of their age. Few narratives are more strongly ingrained in the field of poetics than this era's growing antipathy to punctuation. Yet we observe how the period became increasingly deployed by these poets. The period’s abundance creates a language space marked not only by a sense of the elementary (deictic/rudimentary) but also of opposition/conjunction, a sense of the irreconcil­able.

Keywords:   Georges Bataille, digital humanities, cultural anaytics, natural language processing, punctuation, poetry, economy of punctuation

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