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Sacred MandatesAsian International Relations since Chinggis Khan$
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Timothy Brook, Michael van Walt van Praag, and Miek Boltjes

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226562629

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226562933.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Three Worlds; Three Bodies of International Law

Three Worlds; Three Bodies of International Law

(p.1) Chapter One Three Worlds; Three Bodies of International Law
Sacred Mandates
Timothy Brook, Michael van Walt van Praag, Miek Boltjes
University of Chicago Press

The study of international relations has largely neglected the polities and legal orders of Inner and East Asia. International relations as a field of inquiry looks rather different when starting from Asian rather than European historical norms. The environment within which Asian nations managed their relationships with other states was a plural one. Of the systems of rules and protocols that regulated the behavior of rulers and polities toward one another, the most persuasive were the Chinggisid legal order of the Mongol, the tribute system of the Chinese, and the religio-political constructs of the Tibetan Buddhist world. These three legal orders, or bodies of international law, fashioned Asian international relations for centuries. Their replacement by European international law in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries produced new forms of statehood and reinterpretations of interpolity relations that misinterpret and mask the roots of tensions and conflicts in the region today.

Keywords:   Chinggis Khan, Great State, history of international law, history of international relations, sovereignty, tribute system, Westphalian system

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