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American CreedPhilanthropy and the Rise of Civil Society, 1700–1865$
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Kathleen D. McCarthy

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780226561981

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226561998.001.0001

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The Jacksonian Backlash

The Jacksonian Backlash

Chapter:
(p.123) 6 The Jacksonian Backlash
Source:
American Creed
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226561998.003.0007

Northern philanthropy and Southern politics clashed head-on in the Jacksonian years, further underscoring regional differences. Three politically charged social reform movements surfaced during Andrew Jackson's presidency between 1829 and 1837: efforts to halt the Southern Indian removals, to promote Sabbatarianism, and to effect the immediate abolition of slavery. Earlier generations of scholars often lauded Jackson's presidency as a golden age when the electorate was dramatically broadened, federal expenditures were pared to pay off the national debt, and new areas were opened for Anglo-American settlement. Historians have often attributed the political contests to emerging partisan differences between Democrats and nascent Whigs. The Jacksonian geography of philanthropy produced two markedly different renditions of civil society by the 1830s: one rooted in Southern political imperatives and a growing white male electorate; the other in a sprawling array of highly autonomous charitable, educational, and social reform movements.

Keywords:   Jacksonian, Backlash, philanthropy, reform movements, democrats

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