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American CreedPhilanthropy and the Rise of Civil Society, 1700–1865$
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Kathleen D. McCarthy

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780226561981

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226561998.001.0001

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Race, Religion, and Reform

Race, Religion, and Reform

(p.98) 5 Race, Religion, and Reform
American Creed
University of Chicago Press

While white women's religious benevolence led to market activities and alliances with local governments, and Northern philanthropy was helping to underwrite regional economic development, African American congregations became political pulpits in national debates over slavery and the fate of free blacks, underscoring the growing importance of social advocacy. Northern African American denominations provided a resilient political voice for one of the country's most disadvantaged groups and a means of publicly contesting the racist pronouncements of hostile whites. Colonization schemes continued to surface from a variety of sources throughout the colonial and early national periods. The development of Liberia presents an extreme example of the ways in which the American government used private organizations to achieve objectives that fell beyond the scope of its mandated or administrative capacities. The Liberian experiment produced a mixed legacy of successes and failures.

Keywords:   race, religion, colonalization, reform, American government

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