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Wading Right InDiscovering the Nature of Wetlands$
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Catherine Owen Koning and Sharon M. Ashworth

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226554211

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Wooded Wetlands: Basin Castles and Big-River Swamps

Wooded Wetlands: Basin Castles and Big-River Swamps

Chapter:
(p.113) Chapter 5 Wooded Wetlands: Basin Castles and Big-River Swamps
Source:
Wading Right In
Author(s):

Catherine Owen Koning

Sharon M. Ashworth

Catherine Owen Koning

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226554495.003.0006

Wooded wetlands do not fit the wetland stereotype because they often lack standing water. Most woody plants cannot survive in permanently flooded areas. Different kinds of shrub thickets form where water is too deep for most trees but too dry for marsh plants. A wetland consultant encounters a shockingly large floating spider in a shrub thicket. Basin swamps are found in wet soils alongside streams and in low, flat areas. Wetland scientists recall pristine red maple swamps, important for carbon storage, and the loss of Atlantic white cedar swamps due to fire suppression and flooding. Basin swamps are habitat for gray tree frogs, masked shrews and skunk cabbage. Archeologists discover a pre-historic Native American encampment next to a basin swamp in New Hampshire. These swamps provided many key resources for native peoples. Wooded wetlands create excellent conditions for removal of nitrogen pollution. Floodplain forests and bottomland hardwood forests are found alongside the big rivers, where they are subject to alteration of water levels from agricultural drainage and construction of dikes and dams. Bat biologists, wildlife ecologists and birders tell stories of fear, discovery and finding sanctuary in the diverse wildlife of these lowland forests of Missouri, Indiana, Minnesota and elsewhere.

Keywords:   Wooded wetlands, Swamps, Bottomland hardwoods, Floodplain forests, Scrub-shrub, Native American use of wetlands, Prothonotary warbler, Lesser siren, Indiana bat

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