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Patriotic Education in a Global Age$
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Randall Curren and Charles Dorn

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226552255

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226552422.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Militarizing Schools, Mobilizing Students

Militarizing Schools, Mobilizing Students

Chapter:
(p.57) Three Militarizing Schools, Mobilizing Students
Source:
Patriotic Education in a Global Age
Author(s):

Randall Curren

Charles Dorn

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226552422.003.0004

Chapter 3 investigates the history of militarizing schooling and the mobilization of public education in response to war. U.S. involvement in the Spanish-American War and WWI led to the establishment of programs such as the Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) and the Cadet Corps. These programs emphasized honor, submission to authority, and physical fitness—all traits considered central to preparing boys for service in the armed forces. Girls participated in the Junior Red Cross, which involved them in service projects such as collecting clothing for war victims, promoting food conservation, and planting victory gardens. With America’s entrance into WWII, many high schools adopted the federal Victory Corps program, which supported the training of students for a range of homefront and military roles immediately following graduation. While overt school-based military training remained controversial throughout the war years, most communities supported engaging children in selling war stamps and bonds, collecting scrap metal, and harvesting crops. One of the most popular extracurricular organizations in the United States, the Future Farmers of America (FFA), also taught students to be patriotic Americans. Receiving a federal charter in 1950, the organization embraced several purposes, including developing character, training for useful citizenship, and fostering patriotism.

Keywords:   mobilization, Junior ROTC, Victory Corps, Junior Red Cross, Future Farmers of America, service projects, fundraising

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