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Battle in the Mind Fields$
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John A. Goldsmith and Bernard Laks

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226550800

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226550947.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

American Linguistics, 1900–1940

American Linguistics, 1900–1940

(p.311) Chapter Six American Linguistics, 1900–1940
Battle in the Mind Fields

John A. Goldsmith

Bernard Laks

University of Chicago Press

This chapter looks at the rise of American linguistics in the first four decades of the twentieth century, contrasting the very different views of Edward Sapir and Leonard Bloomfield. Sapir encouraged the study of the relationship of language and culture, while Bloomfield explored how linguistics could become more like other sciences by eliminating the role of mental descriptions in the grammars that linguists wrote. They both saw the definition of the phoneme as a signal contribution of linguistics to the mind sciences.

Keywords:   Leonard Bloomfield, Edward Sapir, Franz Boas, phoneme, structural linguistics

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