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Battle in the Mind Fields$
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John A. Goldsmith and Bernard Laks

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226550800

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226550947.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

The Nineteenth Century and Language

The Nineteenth Century and Language

(p.53) Chapter Two The Nineteenth Century and Language
Battle in the Mind Fields

John A. Goldsmith

Bernard Laks

University of Chicago Press

This chapter explores many of the ways in which time and history were central to the nineteenth century. The importance of the results of the study of human language grew rapidly during this period for two reasons. Scholars were developing new methods of studying language that allowed them to reconstruct languages of the past that could no longer be heard or read, and these studies also signaled unexpected historical connections between groups of people in Europe and Asia. From a methodological point of view, linguists were applying to language the same kinds of scientific reasoning that was providing important breakthroughs in other fields during the century, including the development of the theory of evolution and of the periodic table in chemistry.

Keywords:   nation-building, deep history, typology, structuralism, teleology, historical linguistics, Indo-European, neogrammarians

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