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Under a Bad SignCriminal Self-Representation in African American Popular Culture$
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Jonathan Munby

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780226550350

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226550374.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 30 November 2021

Keeping It Reel

Keeping It Reel

From Goines to Gangsta

(p.149) 5 Keeping It Reel
Under a Bad Sign
University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines the way gangsta culture became symbolically central to American popular culture in the late 1980s and early 1990s. It suggests that hip hop cinema's gangster/gangsta relationship connects the African American struggle over representation in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the struggles of non-Anglo-Saxon Protestant white immigrants in the early twentieth century. The chapter also investigates the role of black popular fiction, particularly writers Donald Goines and Robert Beck and publishing firm Holloway House in the emergence of the gangsta culture.

Keywords:   gangsta culture, American popular culture, African American struggle, black popular fiction, Donald Goines, Robert Beck, Holloway House

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