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Redefining Success in AmericaA New Theory of Happiness and Human Development$
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Michael Kaufman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226550015

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226550299.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 26 July 2021

The Change Model

The Change Model

(p.135) Chapter 7 The Change Model
Redefining Success in America

Michael B. Kaufman

University of Chicago Press

Chapter 7 presents a model explaining the experience of roughly one-third of the sample—those who change fundamentally in worldview and well-being over the nearly fifty years of the study. Factors in change are both internal and external to the person. The chapter compares change to the previously presented model of stability. For changers, adult life is formative, disrupting the effect of the Remembered Early Life identity story on later affect, identity stories, and behavior, leading to new socially reinforcing pathways. Although changers demonstrate relatively permanent gains or losses in intrapsychic brightness and darkness since college, when they were last observed, much about their lives and themes figuring into worldview and well-being remains the same. Psychobiographical sketches serve to illustrate throughout.

Keywords:   well-being, change, stability, worldview, Remembered Early Life, identity story, intrapsychic brightness and darkness

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