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Redefining Success in AmericaA New Theory of Happiness and Human Development$
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Michael Kaufman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226550015

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226550299.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 07 June 2020

Stability Tested Quantitatively

Stability Tested Quantitatively

(p.116) Chapter 6 Stability Tested Quantitatively
Redefining Success in America

Michael B. Kaufman

University of Chicago Press

Chapter 6 uses quantitative analyses to retest the qualitative model explaining longitudinal stability in intrapsychic brightness and darkness, the book’s construct of well-being, presented in chapter 5. It statistically retests and finds support for key relationships in that model, refines the model, and tests competing explanations for adult brightness and darkness. In the model, Remembered Early Life (REL) Affect predicts adult brightness and darkness with normative adult life course behaviors in work and family as a mediator. REL Affect is the common factor that explains the association between college and adult measures of brightness and darkness. The model explains adult brightness and darkness better than intelligence and academic performance, psychiatric intervention and mental illness, and objectively measured career success; objectively measured career success, in fact, does not associate with adult brightness and darkness. Finally, the chapter shows that REL Affect explains adult brightness and darkness better than five-factor model personality trait measures of neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness.

Keywords:   quantitative, longitudinal, stability, well-being, Remembered Early Life, intrapsychic brightness and darkness, five-factor model, trait, neuroticism, extraversion

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