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Redefining Success in AmericaA New Theory of Happiness and Human Development$
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Michael Kaufman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226550015

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226550299.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 24 June 2021

The Study of Success and Happiness

The Study of Success and Happiness

(p.1) Chapter 1 The Study of Success and Happiness
Redefining Success in America

Michael B. Kaufman

University of Chicago Press

Chapter 1 reviews prior research about the relationship between competitive success and long-term happiness, particularly three main lines of investigation in the field known as the scientific study of happiness. This field’s heavy reliance on cross-sectional self-report designs precludes a sound answer to the question of whether competitive success delivers a good life. The chapter introduces the Harvard Student Study (not to be confused with the Grant Study of Harvard students) and a new design of research for studying happiness, namely, a 46-year, mixed-methods longitudinal study of human development, which is centrally featured in the book. The chapter describes the history of the study, the study of lives research tradition in which it is conducted, and the study’s unique focus on the competitive journey and unparalleled data in the field of human development. Clinical life history interviews combined with survey self-reports lead to a fundamental rethinking of the success-happiness relationship and expose formative influences on happiness in the context of human development.

Keywords:   success, happiness, scientific study of happiness, longitudinal, mixed-methods, study of lives, life history, human development, Harvard Student Study, Grant Study

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