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Demos AssembledDemocracy and the International Origins of the Modern State, 1840-1880$
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Stephen W. Sawyer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226544465

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226544632.001.0001

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Adolphe Thiers’s Liberal Democratic Executive

(p.99) 4 Necessity
Demos Assembled

Stephen W. Sawyer

University of Chicago Press

This chapter analyses and historically situates the writings and actions of Adolphe Thiers, first president of France’s Third Republic. Thiers turned to the American post-war model of taxation and fiscal policy for the Third Republic’s financial needs. Beyond that, he developed his own conception of the role of necessity in democracy with particular reference to the American executive. This chapter demonstrates that Thiers’s belief that the role of the law was not to limit the state, but to empower it to respond to the necessities of present circumstance and allow it to achieve action through social power, sculpted the early years of the Third Republic and beyond.

Keywords:   Necessity, Third Republic, Limits of the state, Law, Thiers

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