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The Ark and BeyondThe Evolution of Zoo and Aquarium Conservation$
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Ben A. Minteer, Jane Maienschein, and James P. Collins

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226538327

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226538631.001.0001

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Historic and Cultural Foundations of Zoo Conservation: A Narrative Timeline

Historic and Cultural Foundations of Zoo Conservation: A Narrative Timeline

(p.41) Chapter Three Historic and Cultural Foundations of Zoo Conservation: A Narrative Timeline
The Ark and Beyond

Vernon N. Kisling

University of Chicago Press

Keeping wild animals in captivity has a long history extending back to ancient civilizations. However, zoo and aquarium conservation programs did not emerge until the twentieth century when wildlife conservation in general became important to society. Significant individuals, publications, legislation, and programs pertinent to the evolution of zoo and aquarium conservation efforts are discussed in this chapter. Together, they represent the historic and cultural foundation of the earliest zoo and aquarium efforts to conserve endangered wildlife. How zoo and aquarium conservation programs were affected by society’s broader conservation interests and their role within these broader interests is also considered in this chapter. It is upon these early conservation efforts that the current zoo and aquarium conservation programs rest. This chapter considers whether the current programs are effective and whether they will eventually be successful. It also suggests what zoos and aquariums need to do in the future.

Keywords:   zoo history, aquarium history, zoo conservation programs, captive wildlife management, red data books, zoo studbooks

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