Bricks and Mortar
Bricks and Mortar
Building Essential Infrastructure
This chapter examines municipal investment in public works projects like roads, bridges and urbanization by the seven case study municipalities from 1822 to 1930. The transition from works by the common hand and donated labor from local notables to municipally funded and staffed public works was emblematic of the rise of the nineteenth-century liberal fiscal state. In Brazil, municipal reports, petitions, and minutes show that the public increasingly expected the local state to provide infrastructure and demanded expanded or improved public works. The capacity of the municipalities to deliver these major projects depended on the revenues generated from the local economy. Given persistent fiscal shortfalls, municipalities faced three possibilities year in and year out. These were underinvestment in public works, with potentially harmful effects on the local economy; appeals for private contributions to pay for works; or turning to the capital markets, often incurring debt levels that far exceeded their legally allowed maximums. It argues that the differential revenues produced by the taxes and fees in the empire, and then the additional borrowing capacity that rested on the sums of revenues in the republic, generated widely varying levels of investment per capita in public infrastructure between the seven cases.
Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.