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Why Not Parties?Party Effects in the United States Senate$
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Nathan W. Monroe, Jason M. Roberts, and David W. Rohde

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780226534879

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226534947.001.0001

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Scoring the Senate: Scorecards, Parties, and Roll-Call Votes

Scoring the Senate: Scorecards, Parties, and Roll-Call Votes

(p.52) 4 Scoring the Senate: Scorecards, Parties, and Roll-Call Votes
Why Not Parties?

Jason M. Roberts

Lauren Cohen Bell

University of Chicago Press

This chapter compares the relative success of the majority party in the House and the Senate. After first discussing the theoretical underpinnings of the study, it analyzes the effects of legislative parties, electoral considerations, and interest groups on roll-call voting behaviors. The results indicate that party leaders in the Senate generally are able to secure their preferred outcomes on roll-call votes, but that some senators are willing to defect from their parties' preferred positions when particular interest groups announce their intention to include the votes on their end-of-year or end-of-Congress scorecards.

Keywords:   majority party, U.S. Senate, House of Representatives, interest groups, roll-call voting behaviors, party leaders, Congress

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