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Why Not Parties?Party Effects in the United States Senate$
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Nathan W. Monroe, Jason M. Roberts, and David W. Rohde

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780226534879

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226534947.001.0001

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Party and Constituency in the U.S. Senate, 1933–2004

Party and Constituency in the U.S. Senate, 1933–2004

(p.39) 3 Party and Constituency in the U.S. Senate, 1933–2004
Why Not Parties?

John Aldrich

Michael Brady

Scott De Marchi

Ian Mcdonald

Brendan Nyhan

David W. Rohde

Michael Tofias

University of Chicago Press

This chapter considers how constituent and party interests may vary across issue dimensions. Using comprehensive data from 1933 to 2004, it shows show that the second dimension of conflict in the Senate, which captures the primary cross-cutting issue(s) on the agenda, is more closely related to state demographics, while the first dimension is more closely related to party and presidential voting. There was a massive upswing in the association between demographics and second-dimension voting during the period in which race was a highly salient issue that split the Democratic Party. However, as the parties polarized after the issue of race was incorporated into the partisan divide, the relationship between demographics and Senate voting declined to a similarly low level for both dimensions.

Keywords:   political parties, constituents, party interests, state demographics, presidential voting, race

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