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Why Not Parties?Party Effects in the United States Senate$
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Nathan W. Monroe, Jason M. Roberts, and David W. Rohde

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780226534879

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226534947.001.0001

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Electoral Accountability, Party Loyalty, and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. Senate

Electoral Accountability, Party Loyalty, and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. Senate

(p.23) 2 Electoral Accountability, Party Loyalty, and Roll-Call Voting in the U.S. Senate
Why Not Parties?

Jamie L. Carson

University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines the representational connection between roll-call behavior and electoral accountability in the context of Senate elections. More specifically, it examines the effects of both ideological extremity and party loyalty on senators' electoral fortunes in the context of all Senate elections from 1974 to 2004. From this, it hopes to offer new insights regarding the electoral effects of roll-call voting patterns in the Senate and present a comparative assessment of the differences between House and Senate elections. The chapter is organized as follows. It first reviews research on electoral accountability in the U.S. House before turning to a more general discussion of prior research on U.S. Senate elections. From there, it examines relevant theoretical issues underlying the analysis and then discusses the data and methodology employed here. Next, it presents results detailing the electoral consequences of ideological extremity and party loyalty in the U.S. Senate. It concludes by discussing the implications of the results and exploring possible avenues for future research.

Keywords:   representation roll-call behavior, Senate elections, party loyalty, ideological extremity, senators

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