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Law and CapitalismWhat Corporate Crises Reveal about Legal Systems and Economic Development around the World$
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Curtis J. Milhaupt and Katharina Pistor

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780226525273

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226525297.001.0001

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Ten Legal Change

Ten Legal Change

(p.197) Ten Ten Legal Change
Law and Capitalism
University of Chicago Press

This chapter explores several important questions related to legal change, legal transplants, and legal harmonization and convergence. It begins with the simple observation that all countries constantly change some subset of the rules that form part of their legal systems via legislative change, regulatory change, or case law. Some models of law and markets do not contemplate the possibility that legal systems change by means other than colonization or military occupation. Where the possibility of legal change is contemplated in the literature, the answer, often implicit, is that legal change is an evolutionary process. This chapter summarizes Robert Clark's argument that the history of capitalist enterprise can be divided into four stages and that the legal system responded by employing regulatory strategies appropriate to each stage. These are the entrepreneurial stage, the rise of the professional business manager, the emergence of financial intermediaries and institutional investors as professional investment managers, and the professionalization of the savings function as workers delegated the authority to invest in particular financial claims to plan sponsors and other professionals.

Keywords:   law, markets, legal systems, legal change, legal transplants, legal harmonization, case law, Robert Clark, financial intermediaries, institutional investors

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