Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Sangamo FrontierHistory and Archaeology in the Shadow of Lincoln$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Robert Mazrim

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226514246

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226514239.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

The Hole in the Map

The Hole in the Map

(p.123) Chapter Eight The Hole in the Map
The Sangamo Frontier
University of Chicago Press

The first true cartographic representation of what would become central Illinois was surveyed and drawn by Major Stephen Long in the late summer of 1816. The war had just ended, and Long's official assignment was to map the Illinois River as part of a reevaluation for the need to replace the existing Fort Clark, situated in what was still an important Native American locale. Not only was the resulting map the first accurate survey of that river, it was also the first to record the uplands of central Illinois, which had no obvious connection to a riverine route to Peoria. Instead, the map, which included a survey that extended over fifty miles east of the river, was probably also designed to better document the alternate route to Peoria. This alternate was the old trail followed by rangers during the war. Officially, the land office at Edwardsville could not begin surveying the lands crossed by the old trail, as they still belonged to the Kickapoo. The region surrounding the Sangamon Valley was now a hole in the map of the future state—still claimed by Indians, still largely unknown, and still dangerous to travel.

Keywords:   Illinois River, maps, Major Stephen Long, Fort Clark, central Illinois, Peoria, Sangamon Valley, Edwardsville, Kickapoo

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.