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The Sangamo FrontierHistory and Archaeology in the Shadow of Lincoln$
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Robert Mazrim

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226514246

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226514239.001.0001

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The Origins of a State Capital

The Origins of a State Capital

The Iles Store Site

(p.206) Chapter Twelve The Origins of a State Capital
The Sangamo Frontier
University of Chicago Press

In 1837, the town of Springfield became the state capital, and the brick courthouse built on the public square in 1826 was replaced by an imposing Greek revival statehouse. Shortly after the Civil War, a much larger statehouse was constructed five blocks to the southwest, and the building on the square once again became a county courthouse. A century later, the commercial district surrounding the square had become known as the “old” part of town. In the 1960s, the Old Capitol was renovated. True to fashion for the times, however, the archaeological signature of that historic building and the surrounding area was completely removed during the construction of an underground parking lot. This chapter describes the excavation of a site where Elijah Iles built his store in June 1821.

Keywords:   Springfield, state capital, courthouse, statehouse, commercial district, archaeological sites, Elijah Iles

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