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The Sangamo FrontierHistory and Archaeology in the Shadow of Lincoln$
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Robert Mazrim

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226514246

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226514239.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 26 July 2021

A New Frontier

A New Frontier

(p.137) Chapter Nine A New Frontier
The Sangamo Frontier
University of Chicago Press

The territory of Illinois became the state of Illinois in 1818. Between the close of the War of 1812 (in 1815) and the summer of 1818, the population of the region had increased by 150 percent. By July of that year, the population of the new state was recorded as 35,000, but Native Americans were not counted. Around 500 families settled in the Sangamo Country between 1817 and 1821. These families were clustered in extended family locales, identified by specific place names, and defined largely by the natural topography. The settlements in the Sangamo Country were first recognized as a distinct political entity in July of 1819, when the region was defined as its own election district in what was then Madison County. By March of 1820, the Sangamo District of Madison county had grown large enough to prompt its division into three separate townships: Sangamo, Fork Prairie, and Springfield. The mid-1830s saw the arrival of many facets of a new modern age in what had been the Sangamo Country, and the region's time as a frontier soon began to close.

Keywords:   Illinois, Native Americans, American frontier, settlements, Sangamo Country, Madison County, Sangamo, Fork Prairie, Springfield

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