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The Languages of ScandinaviaSeven Sisters of the North$
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Ruth H. Sanders

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226493893

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226493923.001.0001

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Sámi, Language of the Far North

Sámi, Language of the Far North

Encounters with Norwegian, Swedish, and Finnish

(p.150) 7 Sámi, Language of the Far North
The Languages of Scandinavia

Ruth H. Sanders

University of Chicago Press

The Sámi may be the first, or aboriginal, people of the post-Ice-Age Arctic Alpine region—northernmost Fennoscandia and northwestern Russia. No clear evidence exists that proves they were the first settlers, but neither is there evidence or even claims that any other people were the first. From early times, the Sámi have influenced, and been influenced by, languages, traditions and practices of the other peoples of the North. The chapter offers a brief history and discussion of the modern Sámi people, both in traditional Sámi territory and in the urban centers of Mainland Scandinavia. It also describes and samples some varieties of the Sámi language in Norway, Sweden, and Finland.

Keywords:   Sámi, Sápmi, Lappland/Lapland, Paleo-Laplandic, Proto-Sámi, Yoik, Norwegianization, endangered languages

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