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The Languages of ScandinaviaSeven Sisters of the North$
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Ruth H. Sanders

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226493893

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226493923.001.0001

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Gemini, the Twins

Gemini, the Twins

Faroese and Icelandic

(p.31) 2 Gemini, the Twins
The Languages of Scandinavia

Ruth H. Sanders

University of Chicago Press

In the ninth century AD, the Norse settled first in the Faroe Islands, and then in Iceland, where they built a farming and fishing economy. The Norse culture created in the Faroes and Iceland was chronicled in the Icelandic sagas. Icelanders and other Norse sailors traveled to Greenland, where they built a civilization patterned on those of Iceland and Norway. They also sailed to North America ("Vinland") but stayed there only a few years. By the twelfth century the Icelanders had begun to consider Icelandic a language independent from its ancestor language Old Norse, while Faroese would be considered a dialect of Icelandic until centuries later.

Keywords:   Old Norse-Icelandic, Norn, Scots, Sagas, Vinland, Vikings

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