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The Languages of ScandinaviaSeven Sisters of the North$
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Ruth H. Sanders

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226493893

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226493923.001.0001

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Gemini, the Twins

Gemini, the Twins

Faroese and Icelandic

Chapter:
(p.31) 2 Gemini, the Twins
Source:
The Languages of Scandinavia
Author(s):

Ruth H. Sanders

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226493923.003.0003

In the ninth century AD, the Norse settled first in the Faroe Islands, and then in Iceland, where they built a farming and fishing economy. The Norse culture created in the Faroes and Iceland was chronicled in the Icelandic sagas. Icelanders and other Norse sailors traveled to Greenland, where they built a civilization patterned on those of Iceland and Norway. They also sailed to North America ("Vinland") but stayed there only a few years. By the twelfth century the Icelanders had begun to consider Icelandic a language independent from its ancestor language Old Norse, while Faroese would be considered a dialect of Icelandic until centuries later.

Keywords:   Old Norse-Icelandic, Norn, Scots, Sagas, Vinland, Vikings

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