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The Languages of ScandinaviaSeven Sisters of the North$
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Ruth H. Sanders

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226493893

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226493923.001.0001

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Prologue to History

Prologue to History

(p.11) 1 Prologue to History
The Languages of Scandinavia

Ruth H. Sanders

University of Chicago Press

The earliest Modern humans settled around 8100 BC in the very far north of Fennoscandia, in northern Finnish Lapland, on the border with Norway. The settlers seem to have come from the Pontic steppes (today western Ukraine and Kazakhstan). On the Danish and Norwegian-Swedish peninsulas the earliest post-Ice age settlers were probably migrants from the northwestern coasts of the European continent. These migrations of peoples from the east and from the west, settled what is today Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland. The genetic profile of the modern populations may be plotted on an east-west gradient, with the Sámi people, though still predominantly western, the most weighted toward an eastern profile, which accords with what we know about settlement movements.

Keywords:   Ice Age, Stone Age, Nordic Bronze Age, proto-languages, Paleo-Laplandic, language origins, DNA

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