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Natural Resources and the New FrontierConstructing Modern China's Borderlands$
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Judd C. Kinzley

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226492155

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226492322.001.0001

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Industrial Raw Materials and the Construction of Informal Empire

Industrial Raw Materials and the Construction of Informal Empire

Chapter:
(p.99) 5 Industrial Raw Materials and the Construction of Informal Empire
Source:
Natural Resources and the New Frontier
Author(s):
Judd C. Kinzley
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226492322.003.0005

The emergence of a new "closeness with the Soviet Union" policy in the early 1930s helped ensure that Soviet agents had priority access to Xinjiang's resource wealth. Increasingly, as war appeared to loom low on the horizon by the mid-1930s, Soviet economic officials came to be interested less in commodity goods and more in industrial minerals essential for the production of armaments. Throughout the 1930s and early 1940s, Soviet agents aggressively surveyed Xinjiang's deposits of resources like petroleum, tungsten, and beryllium. Building upon earlier surveys and infrastructures, they concentrated their efforts at a small handful of petroleum, tungsten, and rare non-ferrous production sites in northern Xinjiang that were located close to the Soviet border.

Keywords:   Soviet Union, petroleum, oil, tungsten, beryllium, Dushanzi, informal empire, geologists, World War II

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