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HierarchyPerspectives for Ecological Complexity$
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T. F. H. Allen and Thomas B. Starr

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226489544

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226489711.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 February 2020

A Wrinkle in Time

A Wrinkle in Time

Evolution by Preadaptation

(p.99) Chapter Five A Wrinkle in Time

T.F.H. Allen

Thomas B. Starr

University of Chicago Press

Evolution by natural selection is a rate-dependent process, but there is also a rate-independent account imposed from above as a complementarity in the form of a constraint. The chapter deals with the evolution of purpose and meaning in life origins by a process of intensification. The notion of essence is developed as that which explains the equivalence in the categories that make models. A species or a role can be an essence. Essence is purposely not an idealist concept. The chapter rejects the gene-centered New Synthesis and instead uses a physiological hierarchy between gene and phenotype. Economic notions of efficiency and return on effort explain different patterns of evolved resource use.

Keywords:   complementarity, emergence, essence, high gain, life origins, meaning, physiology, preadaptation, purposiveness, scale

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