Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
HierarchyPerspectives for Ecological Complexity$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

T. F. H. Allen and Thomas B. Starr

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226489544

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226489711.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 February 2020

The Janus-Faced Holon

The Janus-Faced Holon

(p.43) Chapter Two The Janus-Faced Holon

T.F.H. Allen

Thomas B. Starr

University of Chicago Press

Hierarchies are occupied by holons at levels. Koestler’s concept of the holon invokes a part-whole duality, that raises contradictions. The holon is the surface that integrates the environment for the parts, and the parts for the environment. What is included in a holon is subjective choice. The holon is another expression of Levins and Lewontin’s dialectical materialism in biology. Holons yield to the four Aristotelian causes. Holons are created, tell narratives and become a modified entity all at different rates.

Keywords:   causality, codes, constraints, dialectics, duality, hierarchy, holon, part-whole, scale

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.