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HierarchyPerspectives for Ecological Complexity$
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T. F. H. Allen and Thomas B. Starr

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226489544

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226489711.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 February 2020



(p.35) Chapter One Hierarchies

T.F.H. Allen

Thomas B. Starr

University of Chicago Press

Hierarchies are not real in an external world, they are heuristic epistemological devices. Mathematically they are partially ordered sets. Hierarchies are occupied by entities inserted at levels. The levels are sets that have an asymmetric relationship. Complex systems appear hierarchical and require a constructivist approach. Rosen’s modeling relation deals with hierarchies when it links formal models to analogical observables. The new computational power lets us address hierarchical complexity. In the end hierarchies are medium number and contradictory.

Keywords:   complexity, constructivism, epistemolgy, grain, level, hierarchies, medium number, realism, scale

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