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What a Philosopher IsBecoming Nietzsche$
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Laurence Lampert

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226488110

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226488257.001.0001

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The Ending of “Sanctus Januarius

The Ending of “Sanctus Januarius

(p.270) Chapter 13 The Ending of “Sanctus Januarius
What a Philosopher Is

Laurence Lampert

University of Chicago Press

This chapter describes the odd ending Nietzsche chose for “Sanctus Januarius” and The Gay Science. After sections that reasonably enough present conclusions to his reflections on morality, life, and “the dying Socrates,” Nietzsche ends with a section that mysteriously announces eternal return as a teaching that can either exalt you or crush you, and with a last section announcing the return of a Zarathustra who prepared himself with ten years in the mountains. Only over the next years would Nietzsche make that ending understandable as he published the three Parts of Thus Spoke Zarathustra. My chapter shows the cohesion that these final sections of a January book have as summary expressions of an ending and a beginning. What will replace the dying order that Socrates initiated is a new standard of measure and a new teacher who was historically even more fundamental than Socrates in establishing the order that has prevailed for millennia and is now passing.

Keywords:   Socrates, artist, science, Zarathustra, eternal return, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, philosopher

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