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What a Philosopher IsBecoming Nietzsche$
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Laurence Lampert

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226488110

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226488257.001.0001

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An Enlightenment Optimist’s View of the Future of Morality, Religion, and Art

An Enlightenment Optimist’s View of the Future of Morality, Religion, and Art

Chapter:
(p.173) Chapter 7 An Enlightenment Optimist’s View of the Future of Morality, Religion, and Art
Source:
What a Philosopher Is
Author(s):

Laurence Lampert

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226488257.003.0008

This chapter treats the three consecutive chapters of Things Human All Too Human on morality, religion, and art. It shows that one of the greatest differences between Things Human All Too Human and the books after Thus Spoke Zarathustra is their stance toward religion and art. Here, Nietzsche advocates the view that both religion and art will wither away as society moves more completely to a scientific, enlightened view of things. Beyond Good and Evil fully recognizes the necessity of religion, an earth-affirming, humanity-affirming religion opposite to the Christian religion and bound to make war against it. Art once again becomes the tool of philosophy in creating an affirmative view of humanity and nature. Nietzsche’s own most characteristic topic, morality and its history—knowledge of good and evil, the forbidden knowledge—here receives an early formulation that lacks the essential advances made in his later books, as Nietzsche frequently acknowledged. But the core of the new morality that Nietzsche will develop in later books is already present: the unbreakable necessity of all events makes the idea of “freedom” a fiction and the presence of “responsibility” a lie justifying punishment and reward.

Keywords:   morality, freedom, Enlightenment, religion, art, punishment, necessity

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