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What a Philosopher IsBecoming Nietzsche$
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Laurence Lampert

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226488110

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226488257.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 31 March 2020

The Philosopher as Free-Minded Enlightenment Optimist

The Philosopher as Free-Minded Enlightenment Optimist

Chapter:
(p.155) Chapter 6 The Philosopher as Free-Minded Enlightenment Optimist
Source:
What a Philosopher Is
Author(s):

Laurence Lampert

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226488257.003.0007

Because Nietzsche wanted to destroy Thing Human All Too Human and replace it with a new book with the same title, this and the following two chapters make frequent reference to Beyond Good and Evil, the book which would have replaced it as an introduction to Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Those comparisons show the basic difference between the first and second Things Human All Too Human: Nietzsche’s free mind experiment would lead him to the two great discoveries that allowed him to end his free mind experiment: the ontology of will to power and the affirmation of eternal return. This chapter begins by analyzing the opening references to Voltaire and Descartes that Nietzsche’s new stance forced him to delete from his second, 1886, edition. The chapter then analyzes the most important sections of the first chapter of Things Human All Too Human; it emphasizes that Nietzsche’s basic theme of truth-seeking, kept hidden in “On Truth and Lie,” now comes into the open fully aware of the corrosive effect that truth can have on a social order dependent on elevating fictions.

Keywords:   Enlightenment, Descartes, Beyond Good and Evil, truth, truth-seeking, Voltaire

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