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What a Philosopher IsBecoming Nietzsche$
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Laurence Lampert

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226488110

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226488257.001.0001

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What a Philosopher Is: Schopenhauer as Educator

What a Philosopher Is: Schopenhauer as Educator

(p.73) Chapter 3 What a Philosopher Is: Schopenhauer as Educator
What a Philosopher Is

Laurence Lampert

University of Chicago Press

This chapter treats the book whose shorthand title was “The Philosopher”; it emphasizes what Nietzsche later said: his book inscribes “my innermost history, my becoming, my promise.” Here Nietzsche explains the solitude of the philosopher, his having no contemporary of his own kind, a solitude that evokes hostility. And he sets out the essential product of philosophical solitude: the philosopher determines anew the value of existence and becomes the lawgiver of the measure, stamp, and weight of things. The chapter shows that even in his book praising Schopenhauer, the Greeks are his ultimate model, especially Empedocles and Plato. This chapter also makes evident Nietzsche’s debt to his first and lasting philosophic educator, Emerson. It ends with a study of the 1875 workbook in which Nietzsche advanced his history of Greek philosophy to its point of highest refinement, including his mature view of Socrates; the chapter shows how unfortunate it is for the history of philosophy that Nietzsche never reworked these entries for publication: the combination of thinking and acting that Nietzsche saw as exemplary in these thinkers may well have given the contemporary study of them new gravity.

Keywords:   philosopher, Socrates, modernity, Plato, Schopenhauer, Empedocles, Emerson

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