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What a Philosopher IsBecoming Nietzsche$
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Laurence Lampert

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226488110

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226488257.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 29 March 2020

Backgrounds of Schopenhauer as Educator

Backgrounds of Schopenhauer as Educator

(p.43) Chapter 2 Backgrounds of Schopenhauer as Educator
What a Philosopher Is

Laurence Lampert

University of Chicago Press

Nietzsche’s “foreword” to Schopenhauer as Educator consists of one long sentence in the Foreword to Things Human All Too Human Vol. 2. That sentence emphasizes an all-important fact: Nietzsche was already deep within “the moral skepticism and dissolution, that is, as much the critique as the deepening of all pessimism hitherto,” that he displayed publicly only years later. Nietzsche concedes that he practiced what he later called “Jesuitism” and defined as “consciously holding on to illusion and forcibly incorporating that illusion as the foundation of culture.” As proof, he invites his reader to consult an essay he had “kept secret,” On Truth and Lie in the Extra-moral Sense.” This chapter examines that essay showing that it was the first part of a much longer work intended to answer the question: How could philosophy ever arise in the world? “On Truth and Lie” answered that question theoretically; the other part of his book would answer it historically: entries in a workbook show that Nietzsche’s history of pre-Platonic philosophers traced how philosophy in fact first arose and developed into a complete program of insight and social renewal first in Empedocles, then in Plato. This chapter gives a detailed study of that workbook.

Keywords:   truth, early Greek philosophy, Plato, Jesuitism, pessimism, Empedocles, lie

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