Nietzsche said that it is important to find out from such people as Heraclitus that they once existed, because without actual examples it would be hard to believe that such a person was possible, a person driven to know, a person in whom everything served that drive. Nietzsche’s Greek examples, above all Plato, also showed that the drive to know generated a second drive, a drive to make, to create cultural norms that supported or encouraged what the philosopher knew. The philosopher-knower is a culture-maker. The Introduction shows that it was only after completing Thus Spoke Zarathustra that Nietzsche came to see that he too had to show that he existed. His autobiographical turn had a remarkable beginning: he decided that he had to destroy his already published Things Human All Too Human and replace it with a proper introduction to Zarathustra. He intended that new introduction to be the almost completed book that became Beyond Good and Evil. Because he was not permitted to destroy his earlier book, he wrote a Foreword to explain its limitations. That led him to write Forewords for all his books to show the course they mapped of his becoming a philosopher, a knower/maker.
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