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A History of German Jewish Bible Translation$
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Abigail Gillman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780226477695

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226477862.001.0001

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The Second Wave: Emergence of a Bible Industry

The Second Wave: Emergence of a Bible Industry

(p.86) Chapter Two The Second Wave: Emergence of a Bible Industry
A History of German Jewish Bible Translation

Abigail Gillman

University of Chicago Press

The Bible translations of the second wave appeared in rapid succession in 1831, 1837, 1838, and 1841. They shared an underlying purpose: to provide an alternative to Mendelssohn’s Be’ur, and to be at once literal, scholarly, and popular. These translators were rabbis and university-trained scholars. Each paid homage to Mendelssohn while devising new forms of translation for a new generation of German-speaking Jews in the throes of social emancipation and religious reform. Johlson, a teacher and textbook author, and Zunz, a pioneering scholar of Jewish history and literature, introduced Hebraic sound and syntax into the translation. Johlson’s Five Books of Moses included terse footnotes to open up the nuances of the Hebrew for his readers. The Zunz Bible, a collaborative effort with Sachs, Arnheim, and Fürst, hebraized names and restored the conjunction und to mimic the paratactic rhythm of biblical syntax. Salomon’s People’s and School Bible was designed to appeal to a popular audience; Salomon Herxheimer’s Twenty-four Books broke new ground by appealing to Christian and Jewish readers and incorporating edifying homilies into its commentary. The differences among these four translations illuminate various paths that emerged from the Haskalah in the early nineteenth century.

Keywords:   worttreu, Leopold Zunz, Joseph Johlson, biurists, Hebraism, Wissenschaft des Judentums, Salomon Herxheimer, Gotthold Salomon, Philanthropin, Michael Sachs

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