The chapter follows the history of the ancient monastic practice of the direction of souls from its inception to early modern Catholicism. It argues that this monastic practice started to gain popularity among lay people during the later Middle Ages, and some religious figures, many of whom were Dominicans, gained fame as outstanding directors. The Direction of souls included the cultivation of intimate one-on-one interactions between the director and the directee, and often led to accusation of improper behavior. But as spiritual exercises of meditation and introspection were also gaining popularity, it was crucially important to supervise devout people and make sure that their spiritual experiences did not derive from demonic temptations and adhered to the church's teachings. Thus, while problematic, the practice became a cornerstone of post-Tridentine religious life, especially of monastic life.
Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.