- Title Pages
- Chapter 1 Introduction
- Chapter 2 Does Science Studies Undermine Science? Wittgenstein, Turing, and Polanyi as Precursors for Science Studies and the Science Wars
- Chapter 3 Science and Sociology of Science: Beyond War and Peace
- Chapter 4 Is a Science Peace Process Necessary?
- Chapter 5 Caught in the Crossfire? The Public's Role in the Science Wars
- Chapter 6 Life Inside a Case Study
- Chapter 7 Conversing Seriously with Sociologists
- Chapter 8 How to be Antiscientific
- Chapter 9 Physics and History
- Chapter 10 Science Studies as Epistemography Peter Dear
- Chapter 11 From Social Construction to Questions for Research: The Promise of the Sociology of Science
- Chapter 12 A Martian Sends a Postcard Home
- Chapter 13 Awakening a Sleeping Giant?
- Chapter 14 Remarks on Methodological Relativism and “Antiscience”
- Chapter 15 One More Round with Relativism
- Chapter 16 Overdetermination and Contingency
- Chapter 17 Reclaiming Responsibility
- Chapter 18 Split Personalities, or The Science Wars Within
- Chapter 19 Situated Knowledge and Common Enemies: Therapy for the Science Wars
- Chapter 20 Real Essences and Human Experience
- Chapter 21 It's a Conversation
- Chapter 22 Confessions of a Believer
- Chapter 23 Barbarians at Which Gates?
- Chapter 24 Peace at Last?
- Chapter 25 Reply to Our Critics
- Chapter 26 Crown Jewels and Rough Diamonds: The Source of Science's Authority
- Chapter 27 Another Visit to Epistemography
- Chapter 28 Let's not Get too Agreeable
- Chapter 29 Causality, Grammar, and Working Philosophies: Some Final Comments
- Chapter 30 Readings and Misreadings
- Chapter 31 Peace for Whom and on Whose Terms?
- Chapter 32 Pilgrims' Progress
- Chapter 33 Historiographical Uses of Scientific Knowledge
- Chapter 34 Beyond Social Construction
- Chapter 35 Conclusion
- References References
To characterize concisely the challenges posed by the new science studies is not easy. To simplify, they might be represented in terms of opposed conceptual clusters—for example, realism/rationalism/objectivism versus relativism/constructivism/subjectivism. The “new” science studies (now a quarter-century old) generally emphasize the latter cluster. They focus on the role of human factors in science and how scientific knowledge is contingent on and constructed by the operation of these factors—the social character of scientific institutions, the culture in which scientific investigation takes place, the language used to express scientific findings, etc. The contrasting position—held by the vast majority of scientists themselves as well as more traditional science studiers—places greater stress on how scientific knowledge is determined by the natural world and codified by the objective examination of that world.
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