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Contested MedicineCancer Research and the Military$
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Gerald Kutcher

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226465319

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226465333.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 22 June 2021

Military Medicine and Cancer Therapy

Military Medicine and Cancer Therapy

Chapter:
(p.70) 3 Military Medicine and Cancer Therapy
Source:
Contested Medicine
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226465333.003.0004

This chapter addresses the intimate relationship between research for cancer therapy and military medicine. It considers the efforts of Donnal Thomas from 1957 to 1977 and his development of a successful therapy for leukemia with total-body irradiation (TBI) and bone marrow transplantation. Additionally, it evaluates how his work drew on and also contributed to methods for treating the victims of nuclear explosions who were suffering from radiation sickness. Radiation sickness was defined in the period immediately following the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The work of Thomas on the treatment of childhood leukemia emphasizes the significance of advances in the diagnosis and treatment of radiation sickness for the development of new strategies in cancer therapy. In general, it has shown the significance of the paradigm problem of radiation injury and how it brought together a range of researchers with interests in military and cancer medicine.

Keywords:   cancer therapy, military medicine, Donnal Thomas, childhood leukemia, total-body irradiation, bone marrow transplantation, nuclear explosions, radiation sickness, Hiroshima, Nagasaki

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