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Dislocating the OrientBritish Maps and the Making of the Middle East, 1854-1921$
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Daniel Foliard

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780226451336

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226451473.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

Oriental Designs

Oriental Designs

(p.95) Chapter Four Oriental Designs
Dislocating the Orient

Daniel Foliard

University of Chicago Press

This chapter describes the explosion of large-scale maps and the multiplication of increasingly scientific surveys that followed the intensifying involvement of Britain in the East. It demonstrates the existence of British sub-empires using their expertise as a legitimizing elements. The competition between the different components of the British Empire from the Mediterranean to the Indian ocean testifies to the existence of various networks presiding over the construction of the region.This chapter also shows that local populations were not passive bystanders in the construction of spatial knowledge on the region. The interplay between self-styled European dominance and indigenous resistance or collaboration was multifaceted. One section demonstrates how local countermaps played their part in the spatial definitions of places in the East.

Keywords:   Horatio Kitchener, Palestine Exploration Fund, Persian Gulf, Richard Burton, Anne Blunt, Charles Doughty, countermaps, colonial knowledge

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